The Danish authorities have reached out to pre-defined clusters of dense industry and populations in Denmark and asked for recommendations for how to set up infrastructure to transport CO2 in each cluster.
Ramboll assisted the cluster cooperation for CO2 in the Greater Copenhagen region, a cooperation of 18 private and public companies headed by the Copenhagen Carbon Capture Cluster (C4), with technical input to their recommendations to the authorities.
There is a potential to capture approximately 3 million tonnes of CO2 annually from the energy facilities in the cluster. Additionally, there is a potential for economies of scale by importing CO2 from nearby countries to drive economies of scale.
Ramboll prepared the following analyses:
”The primary benefit of clusters is to drive down the cost of transport and storage of CO2. One of the major takeaways from our analyses was the demonstration of substantial economic benefits of cluster cooperation over individual initiatives with regards to removal of carbon dioxide,” says Project Manager at Ramboll Per Jørgensen.
Key identified benefits from a CO2 cluster
Through the technical analyses, Ramboll identified and quantified the key benefits from establishing a CO2 cluster.
Another key driver of cost reduction, unrelated to the cluster itself, is the potential for on- or near-shore storage in Denmark, which will drive significant cost reductions.
A summary of the cluster collaboration’s final report is available here (in Danish). The full material, including technical reports from Ramboll can be accessed here (also in Danish).