In a world with an increasing population and consumption there is a pressing need to use our resources in the best possible way. This involves reducing the generation of waste, high-quality recycling and use of the residual waste for efficient and clean energy generation.

Energy Tower (KARA/NOVEREN), Roskilde, Denmark


Ramboll's Global Energy from Waste Division is represented in Denmark, the UK, Switzerland, and Sweden. These are your contacts:
Nils Christian Holm

Nils Christian Holm

Global Spearhead Director, Energy from Waste
T: +45 5161 8648

Ramboll is a globally renowned consultant within waste management in general and Energy from Waste in particular. This position has been obtained through a long list of successfully completed projects where we have been responsible for the planning, engineering, procurement and contract management of waste management facilities. Our services include the full range of technical advisory / owner’s engineering / EPCM services which are required to plan, manage and implement a project, inter alia:

  • Waste strategy development
  • Technology assessments (including gasification, pyrolysis etc.)
  • Feasibility studies / business case  preparation
  • Technical due diligence of projects and technologies
  • Site assessment
  • Conceptual design and layout
  • Risk and opportunity assessment
  • Project structuring and procurement planning
  • Value engineering
  • Preparation of technical specifications and tender documents
  • Evaluation of proposals, negotiations and contract closure
  • Contract management
  • Supervision and inspection during design, construction and commissioning
  • Site management and HSE

We work under different organisational structures (from public projects to PPPs) for a range of clients: Waste management companies (public or private), regional/local governments, developers, central government, banks, IFIs etc.

On operational facilities we provide the full range of asset management advisory services.

We provide a “one-stop-shop” Energy from Waste consultancy with a global knowledge centre in Copenhagen, Denmark and a network of offices and resources to serve our clients regionally from the UK, Switzerland, Sweden, Poland and Singapore.

Waste to energy facilities

A robust thermal waste-to-energy facility is a cornerstone of most modern waste management systems. A waste-to-energy facility may generate a range of energy outputs: electricity, district heating, steam for industrial processes, desalinated seawater or district cooling. In this way, residual waste – i.e. waste that cannot be recycled in an economic or environmentally beneficial way – can become a resource by turning it into energy for the benefit of people, businesses, countries and the environment.

A waste-to-energy facility can therefore be a valuable local source of secure, stable and climate-friendly energy. It will substitute fossil fuels and contribute to national energy self-sufficiency and will in many cases fully eliminate the need for landfilling.  

World-class waste-to-energy consultancy    

Ramboll is generally recognised as the world’s leading waste-to-energy engineering consultant.

In Ramboll we have worked on waste-to-energy projects in 40 countries, providing consulting services for 145 new units and retrofits, with a combined operational capacity of more than 10 million tonnes a year.      

We have 60 dedicated waste-to-energy project managers and specialists with in-depth knowledge of processes, technologies, suppliers and facility operation. In addition, we have 1,500 staff capable of supporting within associated aspects of waste-to-energy projects, including, for example, power engineering, civil works, waste and energy planning, district heating/cooling, desalination, EIA and authority liaison.

It is our knowledge and experience of how best to plan, procure and manage the implementation of waste-to-energy projects, in combination with our detailed technical knowledge of the involved mechanical and electrical equipment that underpins our strong position in the market.

We assist our clients through all phases of the project – from idea to operation – and the combination of our experience and expertise means that we can provide no-learning-curve client support at every step of the project.

We assist the future facility owners/operators in the planning, design and procurement of their facilities. Subsequently, we supervise and manage the implementation of the projects on behalf of the clients.  We can assist in the establishment of waste-to-energy facilities under different contracting structures. On EPC contracts we act as the Owner’s Engineer. On facilities procured using several contracts we act as EPCM (Engineering Procurement Contract Management) consultant. On PPPs we provide technical and project management support to public waste management authorities in the planning, procurement and implementation of the transactions. On operational facilities we provide asset management advisory services tailor made for waste-to-energy facilities. Read more about our asset management services within waste-to-energy here.

We also offer a software program, BIOMA, with which it is possible to determine the fossil CO2 emission based on existing measurements. In addition, BIOMA can be used for the supervision of the plant process.  Read more about BIOMA here.

Anaerobic digestion of waste

Where communities have opted for the segregation of organic waste from businesses or households, the establishment of Anaerobic Digestion (AD) will normally be part of the waste management system.  In recent years, organic waste has furthermore become a very important raw material for boosting biogas production from both manure and sewage sludge.  Biogas can be used locally for the generation of electricity and heat or it can be upgraded for injection into the natural gas network and/or utilised as a transport fuel.

In Ramboll we have many years of experience from successful implementation of anaerobic digestion projects based on a range of inputs like organic waste, manure or sewage sludge , and our technical experts are well experienced in handling the specific challenges that arise when using organic waste for the production of biogas.

Pre-treatment and material recovery facilities

Countries, communities and companies strive to use resources in the best possible way. Sorting at source and/or in Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) are means to achieving this goal through increased recycling. The key challenges are to generate products which are truly valuable and to be able to deal with the variations in the received input stream and health and safety issues.

Many projects include a material recovery facility as part of an integrated solution. At Ramboll we know from project experience the challenges a material recovery facility has to tackle in order to be a stable and high performing facility that delivers recyclable products of the right quality.


Turning waste to energy

Waste as a resource

World Bank publications

World Bank publications prepared by Ramboll

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Projects: Requirements for a successful project.

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration: Decision-makers guide.

100 Years of Waste Incineration in Denmark

From Refuse Destruction Plants to High-technology Energy Works.


Interview: How to transform waste into sustainable solutions

On a global scale, waste in cities is a major source of pollution and a sustainable way to handle waste is crucial to further urban development.

Watch interview with Director Peter Heymann Andersen

Interview, 21st Century Business TV

Converting waste to energy: It is Ramboll's goal to support sustainable development and minimize reliance on fossil fuels.

Watch interview with Head of Department Bettina Kamuk 


Visualisation of Waste-to-Energy Facility

Watch visualisation video of Waste-to-Energy Facility in Rotterdam, NL

Model waste-to-energy facility

More information


Ramboll is the sole licensor in Denmark and Sweden of BIOMA, a software tool for determining the carbon origin in waste treated at waste-to-energy plants.

Read more about BIOMA here.

Waste-to-energy courses

Based on our comprehensive experience from waste-to-energy facilities all over the world, Ramboll offers courses in waste-to-energy maintenance, technology and projects.
Read about our courses here

Assessment of metal-containing waste for incineration

What happens when you co-incinerate shredder residue and impregnated wood? Read the conclusions of Ramboll’s report

Waste-to-energy in Denmark

The most efficient waste management system in Europe (online publication)

Megatrend: Taking waste-to-energy facilities to the next level

Read article on the changing face of waste-to-energy

ISWA report prepared by Ramboll: "Circular economy: Energy and fuels"

Watch a video presenting the key findings

Download the full report (online publication)

World Reference Map

See our map of references here.


Waste-to-Energy Facility in Malmo

Extension makes waste-to-energy plant one of the most efficient in Europe

Extension of Sysav in Malmö, Sweden – one of the largest waste-to-energy facilities in Northern Europe

KARA/NOVEREN waste-to-energy facility in Roskilde, Denmark

Procurement of new waste-to-energy unit

ARGO is the first plant to receive the authorities’ approval since 2002 and is now establishing a new €175M waste-to-energy unit capable of meeting the capacity demands for thermal treatment of waste generated in its owner municipalities.

Waste-to-Energy Facility in the Isle of Man

Ramboll, as lead consultant in the Ramboll/McCarthy JV, was appointed in 1997 to be the Client's Representative during the preparation of a new waste-to-energy facility in the Isle of Man.

Show more projects for this service


First Floor, Emerald Building
Oud Metha Road
PO Box 116921, Dubai, UAE
Tel:+971 4 334 3616
Fax:+971 4 334 3617

Mail: info@ramboll.ae

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